UV Index Photobiology


  • UV Index Forecast and Model
  • UV Index Measurments
  • UV Climatology
  • Personal UV Dosimetry
  • Total Ozone
  • Clouds, Aerosols and Albedo
  • Action spectra
  • UV and Livings
  • Sun protection
  • Artificial Sources
  • UV Forecast and Model

    A.W. Schmalwieser, G. Schauberger, M. Janouch, M. Nunez, T. Koskela, D. Berger, G. Karamanian,
    Global Forecast Model to Predict the Daily Dose of the Solar Erythemally Effective UV Radiation
    Photochemistry and Photobiology 81(1), 2005, 154-162.

    A.W. Schmalwieser, G. Schauberger, M. Januch, M. Nunez, T. Koskela, D. Berger, G. Karamanian, P. Prosek and K. Laska.
    Global validation of a forecast model for irradiance of the solar, erythemally effective UV radiation,
    Journal of Optical Engeneering Vol.40, 3040-3050, 2002

    A.W. Schmalwieser, G. Schauberger,
    Validation of the Austrian forecast model for solar, biologically effective UV radiation - UV index for Vienna,
    Journal of Geophysysical Research, Vol. 105 , No. D21 , p. 26,661-26,669 (2000)

    Koepke P., Bais A., Balis D., Buchwitz M., De Backer H., De Cabo X., Eckert P., Eriksen P., Gillotay D., Koskela T., Lapeta B., Litynska Z., Lorente J., Mayer B., Renaud A., RUGGABER A., Schauberger G., Seckmeyer G., Seifert P., Schmalwieser A., Schwander H., Vanicek K., Weber M.:
    Comparison of models used for UV index calculations.
    Photochem Photobiol 67 (1998) 6: 657-662. (O)

    H. De Backer, P. Koepke, A. Bais, X. de Cabo, T. Frei, D. Gillotay, Ch. Haite, A. Heikkilä, A. Kazantzidis, T. Koskela, E. Kyrö, B. Lapeta, J. Lorente, K. Masson, B. Mayer, H. Plets, A. Redondas, A. Renaud, G. Schauberger, A. Schmalwiesser, H. Schwander, K. Vanicek
    Comparison of measured and modelled uv indices for the assessment of health risks.
    Meteorological Applications 8(2001)3: 267-277

    A.W. Schmalwieser, G. Schauberger
    Operational now casting of the sun protection factor for the urban area of Vienna
    Journal of Applied Meteorology 40 (2001) 4: 836-842

    Schmalwieser, AW; Schauberger, G(2005)
    A first approach of forecasting the Vitamin D effective UV radiation.
    Annalen der Meteorologie (41), 2 672-675.


    Schalwieser et al. (2017)
    UV Index monitoring in Europe
    Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2017 Sep 13;16(9):1349-1370.

    Weihs, P; Blumthaler, M; Rieder, HE; Kreuter, A; Simic, S; Laube, W; Schmalwieser, AW; Wagner, JE; Tanskanen, A (2008)
    Measurements of UV irradiance within the area of one satellite pixel
    Atmos Chem Phys (8), 18 5615-5626

    A.Bais, C.Topaloglou, S. Kazadtzis, M. Blumthaler, J. Schreder, A. Schmalwieser, D. Henriques, M. Janouch
    Report of the LAP/COST/WMO Intercomparison of Erythemal Radiometers (Thessaloniki, Greece, 13-23 September 1999)
    (WMO TD No. 1051), WMO-Report No.141

    A.W. Schmalwieser, G. Schauberger,
    A monitoring network for erythemally-effective solar ultraviolet radiation in Austria: determination of the measuring sites and visualisation of the spatial distribution
    Theor Appl Climatol 69 (2001) 3/4: 221-229 (PDF Document; 328kB)

    UV Climatology

    Litynska, Z; Koepke, P; De Baker, H; Gröbner, Groebner, J; Schmalwieser, A; Vuilleumier, L [Hrsg.](2012)
    Long term changes and climat logy of UV radiation over Europe.
    Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union, pp. 128. ISBN: 978-92-898-0052-5

    Rieder, HE; Holawe, F; Simic, S; Blumthaler, M; Krzyscin, JW; Wagner, JE; Schmalwieser, AW; Weihs, P (2008)
    Reconstruction of erythemal UV-doses for two stations in Austria: a comparison between alpine and urban regions.
    Atmos Chem Phys (8), 20 6309-6323.

    Koepke, P; De Backer, H; Bais, A; Curylo, A; Eerme, K; Feister, U; Johnsen, B; Junk, J; Kazantzidis, A; Krzyscin, J; Lindfors, A; Olseth, JA; den Outer, P; Pribullova, A; Schmalwieser, A [and 5 others] (2008)
    Modelling solar UV radiation in the past: Comparison of algorithms and input data.
    Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, pp. 94. ISBN: 978-92-898-0043-3.

    Personal UV Dosimetry

    Bodekær M, Harrison GI, Philipsen P, Petersen B, Triguero-Mas M, Schmalwieser AW, Rogowski-Tylman M, Dadvand P, Lesiak A, Narbutt J, Eriksen P, Heydenreich J, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Thieden E, Young AR, Wulf HC.
    Personal UVR exposure of farming families in four European countries.
    J Photochem Photobiol B. 2015 Dec;153:267-75

    Petersen B, Triguero-Mas M, Maier B, Thieden E, Philipsen PA, Heydenreich J, Dadvand P, Maier H, Grage MM, Harrison GI, Schmalwieser AW, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Young AR, Wulf HC.
    Sun behaviour and personal UVR exposure among Europeans on short term holidays.
    J Photochem Photobiol B. 2015 Oct;151:264-9

    Petersen B, Wulf HC, Triguero-Mas M, Philipsen PA, Thieden E, Olsen P, Heydenreich J, Dadvand P, Basagaña X, Liljendahl TS, Harrison GI, Segerbäck D, Schmalwieser AW, Young AR, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ.
    Sun and ski holidays improve vitamin D status, but are associated with high levels of DNA damage.
    J Invest Dermatol. 2014 Nov;134(11):2806-2813

    Weihs P, Schmalwieser A, Reinisch C, Meraner E, Walisch S, Harald M.
    Measurements of personal UV exposure on different parts of the body during various activities.
    Photochem Photobiol. 2013 Jul-Aug;89(4):1004-7

    Schmalwieser AW, Cabaj A, Schauberger G, Rohn H, Maier B, Maier H.
    Facial solar UV exposure of Austrian farmers during occupation.
    Photochem Photobiol. 2010 Nov-Dec;86(6):1404-13

    Schmalwieser AW, Enzi C, Wallisch S, Holawe F, Maier B, Weihs P.
    UV exposition during typical lifestyle behavior in an urban environment.
    Photochem Photobiol. 2010 May-Jun;86(3):711-5

    Total Ozone

    Schmalwieser AW, Erbertseder T, Schauberger G, Weihs P.
    Sensitivity of erythemally effective UV irradiance and daily exposure to temporal variability in total ozone.
    Photochem Photobiol. 2009 Jan-Feb;85(1):261-71.

    Schmalwieser AW, Erbertseder T, Schauberger G, Weihs P.
    Sensitivity of UV erythemally effective irradiance and daily dose to spatial variability in total ozone.
    Photochem Photobiol. 2008 Sep-Oct;84(5):1149-63

    Schmalwieser AW, Schauberger G, Erbertseder T, Janouch M, Coetzee GJ, Weihs P.
    Sensitivity of erythemally effective UV irradiance and daily exposure to uncertainties in measured total ozone.
    Photochem Photobiol. 2007 Mar-Apr;83(2):433-43.

    Schmalwieser Alois W., Schauberger G., Weihs P., Stubi R., Janouch M., Coetzee G.J.R., Simic S.
    Preprocessing of total ozone content as an input parameter to UV Index forecast calculations,
    J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 108 No. D6, 4176- 4189 ,2003

    A.W. Schmalwieser, G.Schauberger, M.Janouch.,
    Temporal and spatial variability of total ozone content over Central Europe: analysis in respect to the biological effect on plants,
    Agr.For. Meteor. 120, 9-26, 2003

    Clouds, Aerosols and Albedo

    Simic, S; Fitzka, M; Schmalwieser, A; Weihs, P; Hadzimustafic, J (2011)
    Factors affecting UV irradiance at selected wavelengths at Hoher Sonnblick.
    Atmos Res (101), 4 869-878.

    A.W. Schmalwieser, G. Schauberger, H. Dobesch:
    Die Bewölkungsprognose als Eingangsparameter für die UV Index Prognose
    DACH 2001, Österreichische Beiträge zu Meteorologie und Geodynamik, ISSN Heft Nr.27 / Publ.Nr.399

    P. Koepke, H. De Backer, P. Ericson, U. Feister, D. Grifoni, T. Koskela, A. Lehmann, Z. Litynska, A. Oppenrieder, A. Schmalwieser, H. Staiger, K. Vanicek.
    An Overview of the results from the comparison of UV-Index forecasted and measured at all atmospheric conditions including clouds.
    International Radiation Symposium, 24.-29.July 2000, Saint-Petersburg

    Schmalwieser , AW; Schauberger, G; Janouch, M; Weihs, P (2003)
    Mini-ozone holes over Central Europe and their influence to the biologically effective Ultraviolet radiation.
    Geophysical Research Abstracts (5) 9046-9046.

    Action Spectra

    Schmalwieser AW, Wallisch S, Diffey B.
    A library of action spectra for erythema and pigmentation.
    Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2012 Feb;11(2):251-68.

    Webb AR, Slaper H, Koepke P, Schmalwieser AW.
    Know your standard: clarifying the CIE erythema action spectrum.
    Photochem Photobiol. 2011 Mar-Apr;87(2):483-6

    UV on Livings

    Weihs, Ph; Schmalwieser, AW; Schauberger, G (2012)
    UV Effects on Living Organisms.
    IN: Meyers, RA [Hrsg.]: Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. New York, Springer, pp. 11375-11427

    Litynska, Z; Schmalwieser, AW; Bais, A; Ettler, K; Gröbner, J; Koepke, P; Krzyscin, J; Den Outer, P; Verdebout, J; Zipoli, G; Biszczuk-Jakubowska, J (2012)
    UV Radiation and Life.
    Luxembourg, Publications office of the European Union, pp. 54. ISBN: 978-92-898-0053-2.

    Sun Protection

    Vanicek K., Frei T., Litynska Z., Schmalwieser A.:
    UV-Index for the Public,
    Cost-713 Action, European Communities Publication, Brussels, 2000 ISBN 92-828-8142-3

    Maier H, Schmalwieser AW.
    Sunscreens and occupation: the Austrian experience.
    Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2010 Apr;9(4):510-5

    Maier H., Schauberger G., Brunnhofer K., Hönigsmann H.
    Change of ultraviolet absorbance of sunscreens by exposure to solar-simulated radiation.
    J.Invest.Dermatol. 117 (2001) 2: 256-262 (PDF Document; 328kB)

    Schmid-Kubista KE, Kellner L, Maier H, Felke S, Wanka A, El Modeir A, Schmidt JB, Cabaj A, Schmalwieser A, Rohn H, Stadelmann H, Spiess J, Fischer W, Hönigsmann H, Binder S.
    Effect of work-related ultraviolet exposure and ophthalmic changes in Austrian farmers: the SVB-UV study.
    Ophthalmic Res. 2010;43(4):201-7

    Artificial UV Radiation

    G. Schauberger, H. Maier, A. Cabaj, and A.W. Schmalwieser,
    Evaluation of the goodness of fit of solar simulated radiation to a reference solar spectrum for photobiological experiments,
    Med. Phys. 31 (9), 2004, 2509-2519.

    Last modification: Jan., 2018 by alois.schmalwieser()vetmeduni.ac.at